Author Topic: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work  (Read 35328 times)

Offline bastl

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LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« on: July 07, 2010, 09:35:43 PM »
Why can't I programm LKMs with nasm? (they won't load)

I think because of a bigger BSS section than given ( the "nasm - version" string).

Is there any possibility to void this string ?
« Last Edit: July 07, 2010, 09:39:58 PM by bastl »

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #1 on: July 08, 2010, 12:21:51 AM »
The nasm version string "should" be in .comment, not .bss, I think. Possibly try "strip -R.comment" to get rid of it. That's a WAG - never done a kernel module. Got a simple example? (always looking for examples!) Or... do newer versions of Nasm add that string by default? I think that's been dropped(?)...

http://www.nasm.us

Best,
Frank


Offline bastl

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #2 on: July 10, 2010, 11:23:40 PM »
Yes your right - the nasm string is dropped with newer versions.
O.K. I work out the misses to get a good example here or maybe I get it.


Offline bastl

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #3 on: July 18, 2010, 03:14:51 PM »
Now I worked out a little module that stands the module check and loads - but with an paging request bug.
The tool I worked with on the object and module files is:
objdump -dxs object.o #or module.ko .

File simple.nasm:
Code: [Select]
section .modinfo
__mod_description8 db 'description=Simple module',0
align 16,db 0
__mod_author7 db 'author=Your name',0
__mod_license6 db 'license=GPL',0
align 16,db 0
__module_depends db 'depends=',0
align 32,db 0
__mod_vermagic5 db 'vermagic=2.6.26.2 SMP preempt mod_unload modversions K8 ',0   ;from a .ko module of my system

section __versions
____versions db 0x9d,'V',0x1e,'$struct_module',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
align 64,db 0

section .data
init_t db 'Hello, initializing the module',0
l_init_t equ $-init_t
exit_t db 'cleaning ... Bye bye !',0
l_exit_t equ $-exit_t

section .exit.text  exec
global cleanup_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,exit_t ;from address
mov edx,l_exit_t ;count bytes
int $80
ret

section .init.text  exec
global init_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,init_t ;from address
mov edx,l_init_t ;count bytes
int $80
mov eax,0
ret

section .gnu.linkonce.this_module
__this_module db 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,'simple',0   ;linking space before the module name
align 1024, db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed)
What has to be customised are the areas:
  • __mod_vermagic5 #system specific, take it out of a module.ko file
  • ____versions #I don't know nothing about this but compare it with the "Hello world" module(.ko)  example written in C.
  • __this_module #if you change the modules file name.ko. This is the modules identifier for unloading..

The modules Makefile (gmake) I use is:
Code: [Select]
#define assembler execution
AS=nasm
ASFLAGS= -f elf -O2

#define assembler code files usage to get object files
%.o : %.nasm
$(AS) $(ASFLAGS) $<

#define target to get from source
simple.o : simple.nasm

obj-m := simple.o

#only there to remember that the kernel build process can do the translation from object.o to module.ko file.
#However, a C source file which defines the memory (areas - functions, variables) has to be present.
default:
# make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=`pwd`

install:
# make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=`pwd` modules_install
cp simple.o simple.ko
cp simple.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/extra/

uninstall:
rm /lib/modules/`uname -r`/extra/simple.ko

The error I get is:
paging request bug
and the kernel module (load, unload) process breaks (does not return)

I'm not sure about:
- what the meaning of section info <2**5, 2**7> of objdump is ?
- and if that could cause that bug if the sections:
   - .gnu.linkonce.this_module has 2**0 intead of 2**7
   - __versions has 2**0 instead of 2**5
   - .modinfo has 2**0 instead of 2**5 ?
- how I can get such sections (2**5, 2**7) with nasm ?

« Last Edit: July 18, 2010, 04:41:25 PM by bastl »

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #4 on: July 18, 2010, 04:37:27 PM »
Thanks for the example! I'm afraid I'm going to have to read up on kernel modules before I understand it. :)

I think the "2**5" and "2**7" refer to alignment. Try "align=32" and "align=128" in the section declarations(?).

One suggestion... in the makefile, "-O2" may give different results with different Nasm versions. :( I would use "-Ox". In the very latest version, this has been made the default. (This will break Brian Raiter's "true.asm", I think. Sorry, Brian.)

One thing in the code I'm not sure about: will "global init_module:" work? You might need to use separate " global init_ module" and "init_module:"...

If I develop enough ambition to try this, and if I learn anything, I'll get back to ya!

Best,
Frank


Offline Cyrill Gorcunov

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #5 on: July 18, 2010, 06:48:00 PM »
Code: [Select]
section .gnu.linkonce.this_module
__this_module db 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,'simple',0   ;linking space before the module name
align 1024, db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed)

This is a bit strange. This section should contain struct module (in terms of "C") filled with proper data.
And 2**10 align is a side effect of your align 1024 statement. It should not be like that.
Use "times" statement instead when you need to reserve space. I suspect we have this in manual.

I must admit I didn't build kernel modules with nasm myself so I fear I can't give you an example
from practice ;) Though struct module is described in scripts/mod/modpost.h in linux
sources I believe.

Hope this helps.

Offline bastl

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #6 on: July 18, 2010, 08:13:27 PM »
I use align, that i don't have to calculate the length of that section to fit in 128 byte boundry. So the section is 1024 bytes big no mather what I define else in.
Here the module get linked in and however the module name is layed here that way at that position, maybe elf specific.
If you decrease this space so the module can not be linked in you get also a special error for that.
First I also looked at the C definitions how the memory gets arranged but I did give up soon and took the object and module files instead.
Think about that the modul object file gets modified to a module with "make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=`pwd`" So the whole kernel make process is involved. The result can not be find in C code at all or only parts of it.
« Last Edit: July 18, 2010, 08:27:34 PM by bastl »

Offline Cyrill Gorcunov

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #7 on: July 18, 2010, 09:08:55 PM »
Well, actually I think the right place where the module structure is defined -- is module.h rather the one I was referring to, sorry.

And your section .gnu.linkonce.this_module should contain the refs to init/exit functions of your module otherwise kernel would not find which procedure to call at module loading/unloading time.

Offline Cyrill Gorcunov

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #8 on: July 18, 2010, 09:19:39 PM »
Think about that the modul object file gets modified to a module with "make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=`pwd`" So the whole kernel make process is involved. The result can not be find in C code at all or only parts of it.

In your kernel source tree you will find *.cmd file for every module kernel being build. Which consists of commands passed to gcc and ld. This might be worth to inspect as well.

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #9 on: July 19, 2010, 07:24:45 AM »
The reason I'm so ignorant (one of 'em), is that RTFM puts me to sleep. I tackled "module-HOWTO", and sure enough... I'll get back into it when I'm ready for another nap. :)

This is an old one, came with a 2.4 kernel, but it explains differences with 2.6. I'm definitely going to have to upgrade my kernel before I can "follow along"! Probably should do that before I bother reading "module-HOWTO". As  I understand it, we now assemble/compile to an .o file, run "modpost" (a script?) on our .o file and it creates C code. Then we link our .o file with the .o file created by this file into a .ko file. Yow!

My system doesn't have .ko files - the modules seem to be .gz. But, as it happens, I have a partially installed (on a too-small partition) 2.6 kernel, so I grabbed "cpuid.ko" from there... thinking "I know cpuid, maybe I can recognize something." Hah! Only thing I recognized was the author's name (Peter, naturally). I disassembled it with Agner Fog's "objconv", rather than "objdump", just 'cause I'm more familiar with it.

I've attempted to alter (mutilate) your "simple.asm" so it's "more like" Agner's disassembly of Peter's "cpuid.ko". It is not expected to be correct. Test it at your own risk! I don't even remember if my half-baked 2.6 kernel will boot. If it will, I'll try this, but I wanted to post this "current state of progress", just in case it's a while before I get back. :)

Code: [Select]
%if 0
struct module {
struct module *next;
const char *name;
int gpl_compatible;
struct symbol *unres;
int seen;
int skip;
int has_init;
int has_cleanup;
struct buffer dev_table_buf;
char      srcversion[25];
};

struc module
.next resd 1
.name resd 1
.gpl_compatible resd 1
.unres resd 1
.seen resd 1
.skip resd 1
.has_init resd 1
.has_cleanup resd 1
.dev_table_buf resb 1 ;?
.srcversion resb 25
endstruc
%endif

global init_module
global cleanup_module
global __this_module


section .exit.text  exec align=16
cleanup_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,exit_t ;from address
mov edx,l_exit_t ;count bytes
int $80
ret

section .init.text  exec align=16
init_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,init_t ;from address
mov edx,l_init_t ;count bytes
int $80
mov eax,0
ret

section .data
init_t db 'Hello, initializing the module',0
l_init_t equ $-init_t
exit_t db 'cleaning ... Bye bye !',0
l_exit_t equ $-exit_t


section .modinfo align=32 noexec

__mod_license6 db 'license=GPL',0
times 32 - ($ - __mod_license6) db 0


__mod_description8 db 'description=Simple module',0
times 64 - ($ - __mod_description8) db 0

__mod_author7 db 'author=bastl- cyrill-frank',0
times 64 - ($ - __mod_author7) db 0


__module_depends db 'depends=',0
times 32 - ($ - __module_depends) db 0

; CHANGEME!
__mod_vermagic5 db 'vermagic='
db '2.6.21.5' ; uname -r
; db ' SMP preempt mod_unload modversions K8 ',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
db ' mod_unload modversions 486 ',0   ;from a cpuid.ko

; don't care about size(?)
; end section .modinfo


section __versions align=4 noexec ; ?
____versions db 0x9d,'V',0x1e,'$struct_module',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
times 64 - ($ - ____versions) db 0

section .gnu.linkonce.this_module align=128 noexec
__this_module:
times 12 db 0
db 'simple',0   ;linking space before the module name

times 228 - ($ - __this_module) db 0
dd init_module

times 524 - ($ - __this_module) db 0
dd cleanup_module

;times 1024 - ($ - __this_module) db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed)
times 640 - ($ - __this_module) db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed again)

Best,
Frank



Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #10 on: July 19, 2010, 10:26:29 AM »
Oh, my! Yeah, that kernel boots alright. I suppose I should have asked how we go about about testing this LKM... :)

I tried rebooting - didn't seem to do anything. Tried "insmod simple.ko" - "invalid module format". But, advised by "dmesg", I changed "vermagic" until it "did something". A message about "paging request"... and a whole bunch of other stuff! I think there was a "segfault" in there, but it kept going after that(!). I attempted to retry and capture the error message(s) but the retry just hung, and I was unable to get anything. What's more, "reboot" hung at "Shutting down PCMCIA services: cards". Gave it the three-fingered salute - claimed it was going down for reboot "NOW!"... but it didn't. Tried the Big Red Switch. Well, it's migrated around front and is a "soft" pushbutton... which declined to shut off! I literally had to yank the cord to reboot the thing!

Stubborn, I tried it again (you don't get far with asm if you're not stubborn!) "to see if it failed the same way". It did, pretty much. This time, the three-fingered salute did nothing, but the switch worked. Still didn't capture the error messsage(s), and no idea why the  "paging request" failed, or what the rest of it was about - or why it hung "reboot"!

So I'm making progress backwards, but here's the current state of the "progress". (actually the opposite of progress: congress!). It is *not* a working example!

Code: [Select]

global init_module
global cleanup_module
global __this_module

section .text ; cpuid.ko has one...


section .exit.text  exec align=16
cleanup_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,exit_t ;from address
mov edx,l_exit_t ;count bytes
int $80
ret

section .init.text  exec align=16
init_module:
mov eax,4 ;write
mov ebx,1 ;to Terminal
mov ecx,init_t ;from address
mov edx,l_init_t ;count bytes
int $80
mov eax,0
ret

section .rodata
init_t db 'Hello, initializing the module',0
l_init_t equ $-init_t
exit_t db 'cleaning ... Bye bye !',0
l_exit_t equ $-exit_t


section .modinfo align=32 noexec

__mod_license6 db 'license=GPL',0
times 32 - ($ - __mod_license6) db 0


__mod_description8 db 'description=Simple module',0
times 64 - ($ - __mod_description8) db 0

__mod_author7 db 'author=bastl- cyrill-frank',0
times 64 - ($ - __mod_author7) db 0


__module_depends db 'depends=',0
times 32 - ($ - __module_depends) db 0

; CHANGEME!
__mod_vermagic5 db 'vermagic='
db '2.6.21.5-smp' ; uname -r
; db ' SMP preempt mod_unload modversions K8 ',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
db ' SMP mod_unload 686 ',0   ;from a cpuid.ko

; don't care about size(?)
; end section .modinfo

; cpuid.ko doesn't have this...
%if 0
section __versions align=4 noexec ; ?
____versions db 0x9d,'V',0x1e,'$struct_module',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
times 64 - ($ - ____versions) db 0
%endif

section .data ; per cpuid.ko...

section .gnu.linkonce.this_module align=128 noexec
__this_module:
times 12 db 0
db 'simple',0   ;linking space before the module name

times 228 - ($ - __this_module) db 0
dd init_module

times 524 - ($ - __this_module) db 0
dd cleanup_module

;times 1024 - ($ - __this_module) db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed)
times 640 - ($ - __this_module) db 0 ;Space to link the module in (guessed again)

section .bss ; per cpuid.ko...

The research continues... later...

Best,
Frank


Offline bastl

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #11 on: July 19, 2010, 09:21:28 PM »
Now I did get it !
After some reading about paging in the web I did read that the linux kernel paging is done with 4k pages.
So I extended my funktions to 4k and what a pleasure, it works. The module loads and unloads and is listed.
The only thing I wasn't able to figure out was, where the terminal outputs are gone they were not printed to my terminal and nowhere else.
So I can not confirm that the init_module and cleanup_module functions have been executed.

Here the module:

simple.nasm
Quote
section .modinfo
__mod_description8   db   'description=Simple module',0
align 16,db 0
__mod_author7      db   'author=That´s me',0
__mod_license6      db   'license=GPL',0
align 16,db 0
__module_depends   db   'depends=',0
align 32,db 0
__mod_vermagic5   db   'vermagic=2.6.26.2 SMP preempt mod_unload modversions K8 ',0   ;from a .ko module of my system

section __versions
____versions      db   0x9d,'V',0x1e,'$struct_module',0   ;from a .ko module of my system
align 64,db 0

section .data
init_t            db   'Hello, initializing the module',0
;l_init_t         equ   $-init_t
exit_t            db   'cleaning ... Bye bye !',0
;l_exit_t         equ   $-exit_t


section .text

global cleanup_module:
   align 4096
   mov   eax,4         ;write
   mov   ebx,1         ;to Terminal
   mov   ecx,exit_t      ;from address
   mov   edx,30      ;count bytes
   int   $80
   ret

global init_module:
   align 4096
   mov   eax,4         ;write
   mov   ebx,1         ;to Terminal
   mov   ecx,init_t      ;from address
   mov   edx,23      ;count bytes
   int   $80
   mov   eax,0
   ret
   

section .gnu.linkonce.this_module
__this_module      times 12 db 0
            db   'simple',0   ;linking space before the module name
align 8704, db 0      ;Space to link the module in (guessed)

What to do with this stuff:
  • edit the system specific lines in simple.nasm
  • compile simple.nasm
  • rename simple.o to simple.ko
  • copy simple.ko to a place you want it to be
  • register the module for the kernel in </lib/modules/#version/modules.dep> so the kernel can find it
--- added 20.07.2010 03:45:40 PM---
  • load it with <modprobe simple>
  • list it with <lsmod>
  • remove it out of the kernel with <modprobe -r simple>

« Last Edit: July 20, 2010, 03:46:55 PM by bastl »

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #12 on: July 20, 2010, 02:01:35 AM »
Okay... I was doing everything but the last step. I did the naive thing and just added the name to the end of modules.dep. Didn't seem to do anything for me - "simple" still doesn't seem to load on boot. However, with this latest version, I can load it with "insmod", and load and unload it with "modprobe" (as shown by "lsmod"). Good progress!

No output. Why should it? You haven't told the kernel where to find init_module or cleanup_module, have you? Here's the relevant portion of Agner's disassembly of Peter's "cpuid.ko":

Code: [Select]
SECTION .gnu.linkonce.this_module align=128 noexecute   ; section number 9, data

__this_module:                                          ; byte
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0000 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 63H, 70H, 75H, 69H       ; 0008 _ ....cpui
        db 64H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0010 _ d.......
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0018 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0020 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0028 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0030 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0038 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0040 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0048 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0050 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0058 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0060 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0068 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0070 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0078 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0080 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0088 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0090 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 0098 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00A0 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00A8 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00B0 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00B8 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00C0 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00C8 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00D0 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H       ; 00D8 _ ........
        db 00H, 00H, 00H, 00H                           ; 00E0 _ ....
        dd init_module                                  ; 00E4 _ 00000000 (d)
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 00E8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 00F0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 00F8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0100 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0108 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0110 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0118 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0120 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0128 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0130 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0138 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0140 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0148 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0150 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0158 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0160 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0168 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0170 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0178 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0180 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0188 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0190 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0198 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01A0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01A8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01B0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01B8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01C0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01C8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01D0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01D8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01E0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01E8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01F0 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 01F8 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0200 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H                                    ; 0208 _ 0
        dd cleanup_module                               ; 020C _ 00000000 (d)
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0210 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0218 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0220 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0228 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0230 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0238 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0240 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0248 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0250 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0258 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0260 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0268 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0270 _ 0 0
        dd 00000000H, 00000000H                         ; 0278 _ 0 0

As you can see, there's more in that section than just the name (and zeros). I tried to do similar with your code. First thing that happens is Nasm whines about undefined symbols. I'm quite sure that your "global init_module:" is not enough. I think you need:

Code: [Select]
global init_module
init_module:

for it to work. I tried that - still no output. I ASSume that int 80h writes to stdout work from within the kernel... but everybody seems to use "kprintf". Peter's cpuid.ko also declares "global  __this_module". I didn't try that. Perhaps it would help?

I suppose the "hello" example - written in C - produces output? Where would I find that?

More later, if I get to it.

Best,
Frank



Offline bastl

  • Jr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 17
Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #13 on: July 20, 2010, 03:31:38 PM »
Yes, I use modprobe, too. I edit that post to make it clear.
The "Hello world"  C example is located at  http://tldp.org/LDP/lkmpg/2.6/html/x121.html.
And how I can remember does printk also use the same syscall like I do.
The functions get linked into the kernel by a kernel extern access and the kernel also defines them also by its self.
I guess that my functions are not linked correctly so the kernel calls its dummy functions instead (it's paging, so parts or funktions at whole can overlap each other and need so more linking informations - only a guess).
I will test your hints !
« Last Edit: July 20, 2010, 04:12:47 PM by bastl »

Offline bastl

  • Jr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 17
Re: LKMs (linux modules) with nasm don't work
« Reply #14 on: July 22, 2010, 07:26:17 PM »
No way to get my functions called!
I want the linker to overwrite existing global functions with the same name so my function get in place and will be unique and get called but I can't find a corresponding option for that in NASM for functions.
COMMON is only for variables but should also be possible for functions (for all labels).