Author Topic: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored  (Read 15156 times)

Offline elios

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attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« on: October 22, 2012, 12:56:12 AM »
I have a nasm file with this code snippet below. When I assemble it (nasm -f elf -o obj/x86/loader.o src/arch/archx86/loader.asm) I see this warning repeated probably 200 times consecutively:

src/arch/archx86/loader.asm:68: warning: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
src/arch/archx86/loader.asm:68: warning: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
src/arch/archx86/loader.asm:68: warning: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
...

Source snippet:

GLOBAL Interrupts_GetISRPtr     ; Address of the kernel main interrupt service routine
GLOBAL MemDefaultISR            ; Address of the ISR

SECTION .text
align 4

STACKSIZE   equ 0x4000              ; 16k stack size.
PDTSIZE     equ 0x400000            ; Size of Paging Table
ISRPTRSIZE  equ 0x4                 ; Size of ISR Pointer

Paging_GetBaseAddress:              ;Get the base address of the Paging Table
    mov eax, paging
    ret

Interrupts_GetISRPtr:
    mov eax, MemDefaultISR
    ret

section .bss

stack:
    align 0x4
    resb STACKSIZE                  ; Reserve 16k stack on a doubleword boundary

MemDefaultISR:
    align 0x4
    resb ISRPTRSIZE

paging:                             ; Reserve space for Paging Tables
    align 0x1000
    resb PDTSIZE


----- However: If I interchange the last two variables, everything assembles just fine. Could this be a bug? and Should I not worry about that warning?

This works:

section .bss

stack:
    align 0x4
    resb STACKSIZE                  ; Reserve 16k stack on a doubleword boundary

paging:                             ; Reserve space for Paging Tables
    align 0x1000
    resb PDTSIZE

MemDefaultISR:
    align 0x4
    resb ISRPTRSIZE

Offline Rob Neff

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #1 on: October 22, 2012, 02:29:34 AM »
What version of Nasm are you using?
I seem to recall a bug with the align directive in older versions of Nasm.
That "may" be the cause of your issue although I'm not sure yet...

Offline elios

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #2 on: October 22, 2012, 02:32:52 AM »
I'm using NASM version 2.10.05 compiled on Sep 11 2012

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #3 on: October 22, 2012, 05:03:15 AM »
Sure looks like a bug to me! And a rather strange one, too! Stranger still, I get the same result from nasm-0.98.39!

Just to make it easier to "cut-and-past", I'll put it in "code tags" - with minor "debugging changes".

Code: [Select]

GLOBAL Interrupts_GetISRPtr     ; Address of the kernel main interrupt service routine
GLOBAL MemDefaultISR            ; Address of the ISR

SECTION .text
align 4

STACKSIZE   equ 0x4000              ; 16k stack size.
PDTSIZE     equ 0x400000            ; Size of Paging Table
ISRPTRSIZE  equ 0x4                 ; Size of ISR Pointer

Paging_GetBaseAddress:              ;Get the base address of the Paging Table
    mov eax, paging
    ret
Interrupts_GetISRPtr:
    mov eax, MemDefaultISR
    ret
nop
nop
nop
nop
mov eax, endbss

section .bss

stack:
    align 0x4
    resb STACKSIZE                  ; Reserve 16k stack on a doubleword boundary

;paging:                             ; Reserve space for Paging Tables
;    align 0x1000
;    resb PDTSIZE

MemDefaultISR:
    align 0x4
    resb ISRPTRSIZE

paging:                             ; Reserve space for Paging Tables
    align 0x1000
    resb PDTSIZE
endbss:

My "endbss" label does not come out in the same place, so I suspect that it may NOT be safe to ignore this "warning"! This may take some research, bear with us. Thanks for the feedback, elios!

Best,
Frank


Offline Keith Kanios

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #4 on: October 22, 2012, 05:45:30 AM »
Doesn't seem like a bug to me.

When you rearrange your variables and their respective alignments, you happen to have alignments that are factors of the previous resb, or object file section alignment, for which align will be optimized away, i.e. ignored, thus placating any warnings.

Your original arrangement triggers an actual alignment (resb 4 followed by align 0x1000) thus issuing those warnings.

The alignment directive you'd want to use in the BSS section is alignb.

More about align and alignb: http://www.nasm.us/xdoc/2.10.05/html/nasmdoc4.html#section-4.12.12

Offline Frank Kotler

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #5 on: October 22, 2012, 06:01:01 AM »
Confirmed. Thanks, Keith! Whew!

Best,
Frank


Offline elios

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Re: attempt to initialize memory in BSS section `.bss': ignored
« Reply #6 on: October 27, 2012, 08:43:37 AM »
Thanks for the info!